The Vietnam War Causes/Events






Map of Indochina divided
Map of Indochina divided

The Aftermath of the Vietnam War


After the war North Korea began building collective farms, heavy industry and nuclear weapon.

South Korea established a democracy and a growing economy with the aid of the United States.


The Vietnam War left the world with a bitter taste in it's mouth. Millions were killed, an entire nation was subdued into communism and this was the first war the U.S. was forced to leave.

The road to the vietnam war

The Highway of Vietnam War
The Highway of Vietnam War
Ho Chi Minh- He was born on may 19th 1890. He was the communist leader of North Vietnam and he founded the vietminh which later became known as the vietcong. Ho Chi Minh died in 1969 and ruled until his death. Although he was Vietnamese he grew up in france and was one of the founding members of the French Communist Party. Throughout his life he led Vietnamese uprisings. On September 2nd 1945 a national liberation movement which culminated into a general uprising in Vietnam. Though it was until 1946 when Ho Chi Minh openly revolted against French rule.


The Fighting begins in Vietnam

In 1954, the Vietminh attacked a french military post in hopes of gaining more influence in the upcoming peace conference in Switzerland. The Vietminh targeted a french military base called Dien Bien Phu. During the battle 25,000 Vietnamese were killed along with 1,500 french soldiers. After many lives were taken the French surrendered. During the war between France and Vietnam about 425,000 people were killed; around 75,000 were Frence, 200,000 were of the Vietminh and about 150,000 were civilian. After the French - Vietnamese war ended about 1,000,000 fled frorm north Vietnam to escape communist rule including most of the economic class.

The Domino Theory - The Domino Theory was brought up during the discussion of containing communism by President Eisenhower. Eisenhower believed that if one country fell to communism then the surrounding countries would also soon fall to communism. During Vietnam Eisenhower was afraid that the surounding countries such as cambodia and korea would also fall to communism. Which they almost did; North Korea became communist and Cambodia almost fell to it but was saved before the Khmer Rouge dominated them.

The Domino theory
The Domino theory

Vietnam - a divided country


The international peace conference divided Vietnam in half the country was divided in North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North vietnam then became a communist country led by Ho Chi Minh and South Vietnam became a democracy led by Ngo Dinh Diem. As the differences in their beliefs escalated so did their want to unite the two nations. Unfortunately neither leader could unite the split country while they had different governments. So in order to unite this broken nation a war was waged between North and South Vietnam.

Ngo
Ngo Dinh Diem
Ngo Dinh Diem
Dinh Diem
- Was the democratic prime minister of South Vietnam in 1954 - 1963. Ngo Dinh Diem proved to be a terrible ruler once in power. He refused the United States advise and made many desicions that made his country unhappy. He tried to unite both North and South Vietnam but was assassinated by North military generals.

Vietcong - was the military arms of the National Liberation Front (NLF). Also it was earlier known as the Vietminh which was created by Ho Chi Minh
. The vietcong were split into three companies, the full time troops, the gurillas and the defence militia. Using a fighting tactic called guerilla warfare, this made them hard to get rid of. Also they had no uniforms and could blend into whatever landscape they wanted to. They also had over 30,000 men at their disposal. These attributes made them a tough enemy to deal with.




The United States Gets Involved: U.S. Troops Enter The Fight

1964 - The United States didn't want another communist victory so we began sending troops over to south Vietnam. The United States fought against the Vietcong's Gurilla warfare defending an increasingly unpopular government. The Soviet Union and China both supported Ho Chi Minh because both China and the Soviet Union are communist nations.


The United States Withdraws


U.S. troops in Vietnam
U.S. troops in Vietnam
By 1969 the Vietnam War was becoming unpopular in the United States. President Richard Nixon started withdrawing troops from Vietnam. Nixon soon implemented vietnamization in which he began to gradually bring more troops out of the war. In 1975 all U.S. troops had left Vietnam. Soon after North Vietnam took over South Vietnam. The Vietnam War offically ended in 1975 with the capture of Saigon




Postwar Southeast : Cambodia in Turmoil

Cambodia
Cambodia

In 1975 a communist rebel group began uprising in Northeastern Cambodia, this rebel group was known as the Khmer Rouge. They fought through the means of guerilla tactics, and used the jungle to cover their actions. Thier numbers began growing and soon they would start to dismantel the government. The Khmer Rouge spread infectiously and quickly took almost total control of north and south Cambodia. In 1979 Khmer Rouge had already killed 2 million people, but their reign of terror came to an end when they were overun with Vietnamese invaders. It wasn't until 1993 when Cambodia finally came to peace and the United Nations helped it to establish democracy and hold elections.


Vietnam After the War


After the Veitnam War Vietnam began settling down. Saigon no longer existed and was renamed Ho Chi Minh CIty to honor the man that led North Vietnam to victory. Soon after the Vietnamese government would pronounce Vietnam one nation again. Although, many residents still didn't want to live under a communist regime, many tried to escape. In total 1.5 million people escaped from Vietnam, most escapees fled to either the United States or Canada. Of the 1.5 million who ran, about 500,000 of them died along the way. Since the United States withdrew from the Vietnam War they wanted nothing to do with Vietnam, and it wasn't until 1995 that president Clinton began patching up our relationship with Vietnam.


Multiple Choice Question
The Vietminh transformed into what group?
(A): The Vietnamese Army
(B): The Vietcong
(C): The Khmer Rouge
(D): The Vietnam Rebels

Bibliography

Works Cited

Websites

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"Ngo Dinh Diem." Spartacus Educational. Web. 11 May 2010. Web

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Seelye, James E., Jr. "Vietnam War." In Ackermann, Marsha E., Michael Schroeder, Janice J. Terry, Jiu-Hwa Lo Upshur, and Mark F. Whitters, eds. Encyclopedia of World History: The Contemporary World, 1950 to the Present, vol. 6. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2008. Modern World History Online. Facts On File, Web


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Books


Roleff, Tamara L. The Vietnam War. San Diego, California: Greenhaven Press Inc., 2002. 100-102. Print.

Kent, Deborah. The Vietnam War "What Are We Fighting For?". Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, Inc., 1994. 25-34. Print


Century . New York: Holt Rinehardt and Winston, 1996. 731-732. Print.

Dunn, John M. A History of U.S. Involvement. San Diego, California : Lucent Books, 2001. 46-99. Print.