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Jiang Jieshi
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Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong:


Mao Zedong is the son of a peasant farmer. Born in Chaochan, China December 26,1893. He served in the Revolutionary Army in 1911. He also served as a librarian in the Peking University. He was an early member of the CCP, the Chinese Communtists Party (Mao Zedong). Founder of the Peoples' Republic of China. The war began in 1927 Mao Zedong led the Chinese Communtists Party (CCP). The Chinese Nationalists Party (CNP) was led by Jiang Jieshi.


Jiang Jieshi:


Jiang Jieshi was raised by his widowed mother, he went to the Paoting Military Academy, then studied at the Japanese Military School. He Joined the Revolutionary movement, Nationalist party, 1911 (Chiang Ching-Kuo). It soon became his life and he wanted nothing more then to win. He fought in the revolution to overthrow the Qing Dynasty in 1911 and then became a businessman after in Shanghi.

The Chinese Civil War Resumes:


Nationalist and Communist Chinese resume Civil War after WWII ends (Chinese Civil Wars 1927-1949).
The revolution brought that to an end and started the Civil War. The revolution had been led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925). He also was the founder of the Revolutionary Alliance. Communists and Nationalists alike have always thought of Sun as the founder of modern China. He became the president of the Republic of China in 1912. They decided to make the capital in Beijing. He chose a military leader who was later assassinated so Sun fled to Japan. While in Japan, he became good friends with Jiang Jieshi, While being a trainer in the military school in Japan. During 1916-1928 (which is now called the Warlord Period) Warlords carved out China. In 1925 Sun died of cancer Jiang thwarted a kidnaping attempt and became the most powerful leader in the government in Guangzhou by taking action against the Communists and arresting many Russian advisors. In May, the Central Executive Committee of the revolutionary government in Guangzhou approved Jiang's proposal to halt Communist influence and Jiang was named Commander and Chief of the National Revolutionary Army, and in July he launched at the Northern Expedition against the Warlords to unify China (Chinese Civil Wars 1927-1949). By 1927, Jiang regained all the Chinese territory and now this set the playing field for the Civil War between the Communists and Nationalists.The war began in 1927 with Mao Zedong leading the Chinese Communists Party (CCP) (Mao Zedong). The Chinese Nationalists Party (CNP) was lead by Jiang Jieshi. Jiang became the leader of the Nationalist government while the Communist led revolts throughout the city in 1931. China, led by Jiang Jieshi, slowly took back all of China from the Warlords. Because of economic problems, Nationalist soldiers to desert to the Shanghi and the southwest part of China. With this, the Communists took over the northeastern part of China. During the Civil War, Japan invaded China and the Nationalists and the Communists combined to fight for there country. They forced the Japanese out and then Mao was able to force the Nationalists to flee to the island of Taiwan. Mao Zedong had taken out the whole country of China. Then Mao Zedong made the Country of China into the Republic of China in Beijing on October 1, 1949. In 1949, People's Republic of China created.


The Two Chinas Affect the Cold War. The Superpowers React:


During the Cold War, the U.S. supported the Nationalist state in Taiwan, called the Republic of China (Cold War). The United States helped the Nationalists set up their own government. But on the other hand, the Soviets gave financial, military, and technical aid to Communists China. China under occupation for 14 years, was facing a decade of civil war, almost as destructive as the war itself. While in Europe, 45 million people were homeless,half of them in places such as; Poland, the Ukraine, and western Russia that had been burned to the ground three times during the fighting (Cold War). The Soviets and China agreed to help each other in event of any war. After this, the U.S. tried to stop Soviet expansion and the spread of Communism in Asia.


China Expands under the Communists:


Under Communist control, China started to expand (Triumph and Turmoil). They took control of Tibet and southern Mongolia. During the 1950's China's control over Tibet tightened, which forced many to flee to India. India welcomed in Tibetan refuges that were fleeing the revolt against the Chinese. In 1962, China and India clashed over the border, the fighting stopped but resentment remains.
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Mao Zedong establishing the new Peoples' Republic of China



Communists Claim a New "Mandate of Heaven":


After taking complete control over China, the Communists had a total of 4.5 million members. They set up a two party system called the Communist Party and the National Government. Mao headed both until 1959.

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Nationalists and Communists Trying to Gain Control of China.




















Multiple Choice-
Mao Zedong was the leader of which of the following groups:
A.) Chinese Nationalists
B.) Soviets
C.) Chinese Communists
D.) Guomigands

Answer: C: Chinese Communists















Works Cited


"Chiang Ching-Kuo." Modern World History Online. Facts on File, 2003. Web. 7 May 2010.
"Chiang Kai-Shek." Modern World History Online. Facts on File, n.d. Web. 7 May 2010.
"Chinese Civil Wars, 1927-1949." Modern World History Online. Facts on File, 2000. Web. 7 May 2010.
"Cold War." Modern World History Online. Facts on File, 2005. Web. 11 May 2010. Fairbank, John King. The great Chinese Revolution 1800-1985. New York: Harper and Row, 1986. Print.
" Five Year Plans (China)." Modern World History Online. Facts on File, 2000. Web. 7 May 2010.
"Mao Zedong." Modern World History Online. Facts on File, 1995. Web. 7 May 2010.
"Mao Zedong's Political Philosophy." Modern World History Online. Facts on File, 2000. Web. 7 May 2010. Shane, C.J. The History of Nations. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2003. Print.
"Triumph and Turmoil." Modern World History Online. Facts on File, 2004. Web. 7 May 2010.
Wright, David C. The History of China. West Port: Greenwood Press, 2001. Print.